General information

Skopje, the capital of the Republic of Macedonia is an important, strategic center in the Balkan peninsula linking the east to the west, and the north with the south. It is the seat of the Macedonian Government and Parliament.

The Republic of Macedonia, together with the broader region, is a colorful mix of peoples, cultures and a ton of history which makes for a unique experience

Skopje is situated in the Skopje Valley along the Vardar River, the biggest river in Macedonia, at 240 m above sea level. The city is surrounded by several mountain ranges: Skopska Crna Gora (lit.trans. Skopje’s Black Mountain) to the north, Vodno and Jakupica to the south. The river divides the city into a southern and a northern part. Skopje covers an area of 1818km2, 35 km along the Vardar River and about 20 km going from south to north. Skopje and its surroundings has a population of 700,000 inhabitants, which is about one third of the total population of Macedonia.

Skopje is thousands of years old and bears the burden of a turbulent history. At the same time it is a modern capital that offers rich cultural and natural attractions and an outstanding experience of a typical Balkan life.

General Facts

Time Zone

Central European time (GMT + 1)

Languages and Demographics

The official language is Macedonian and the official alphabet is Cyrillic. Other minority languages (Albanian, Turkish, Romani, Aromanian, Serbian, Bosnian) are co-official with Macedonian in municipalities where they are spoken by at least 20% of the population. The ethnic distribution of the population is:

  • 67% Macedonians
  • 23% Albanians  (mostly situated in the western part of Macedonia)
  • 5% Turks
  • 3% Roma
  • 2% Serbs, Bosniaks, Aromanians, others


  • 68% Orthodox Christianity
  • 30% Muslim
  • 2% other religious communities


The climate is modified continental with mediterranean influences in certain areas

Average Temperature


Electric current in Macedonia

220 volts, 50 hertz


The official currency is the Macedonian denar
1 euro = 61.50 denars

Holidays in the Republic of Macedonia

  • 1st and 2nd January – New Year’s Holiday
  • 7th January – Christmas
  • 1st and 2nd May – International Labor Day
  • 24th May – St. Cyril and Methodius’ Day
  • 2nd August – Ilinden – St. Elijah Day
  • 8th September – Independence Day
  • 11th October – Day of the Uprising of the Macedonian People
  • 23rd October – Day of the Macedonian Revolution
  • 8th December – St. Clement of Ohrid